MATE Deliverable D1.1

Supported Coding Schemes


PROSPA was developed by Margaret Selting and Dafydd Gibbon [Selting 87, 88], specially to meet the needs of discourse and conversation analysis, but it has also been discussed within the Prosody Group in the ESPRIT 2589 SAM (Multilingual Speech Input/Output Assessment, Methodology and Standardization) project.

Coding book:

[Selting 87, 88] provides a description of the scheme.


Information not available.


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Purpose and underlying approach:

Specially oriented to discourse and conversation analysis.

List of phenomenaannotated:

PROSPA focuses on the transcription of F0 variations.

It seems to be a rather 'phonetic' system of notation (only movements and levels are reported, without reference to any specific theoretical model).

Transcriptions consist of:

1) an overall inclination or declination specified over the domain of an intonation unit

2) peaks and troughs internal to the unit

3) a final dynamic tone

Global categories are defined according to rhythmical or pitch contour properties in a cohesive series of accents. Length of a global contour and the direction of pitch or tone level are indicated as follows:

( )

extent of a sequence of cohesive accents


globally falling intonation


globally rising intonation


level intonation on high tone level


level intonation on middle tone level


level intonation on low tone level


falling intonation on a globally high tone level

sequence of weakly accented or unaccented syllables

Local categories are defined as accent and accent types or "short range pitch movements usually realized on lengthened vowels" [Selting 87]; they include:


upward pitch movement


downward pitch movement


level pitch accent

Since accents can be realized together with pitch changes, the following symbols are introduced:


upward local pitch jump co-occurring with an upward accent


downward local pitch jump co-occurring with an upward accent"

The intonation after the last accent of a global unit - or 'tails' - is noted after the parentheses in the following manner:


falling tails


rising tails


level tails


combinations of tails (rising-falling here)"


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Markup language:

Symbols are inserted in the phonetic transcription.

Annotation tools:

Information not available.