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MATE Deliverable D1.1

Supported Coding Schemes


Prospa

PROSPA was developed by Margaret Selting and Dafydd Gibbon [Selting 87, 88], specially to meet the needs of discourse and conversation analysis, but it has also been discussed within the Prosody Group in the ESPRIT 2589 SAM (Multilingual Speech Input/Output Assessment, Methodology and Standardization) project.

Coding book:

[Selting 87, 88] provides a description of the scheme.

Applications:

Information not available.

Evaluation:

Information not available.

Purpose and underlying approach:

Specially oriented to discourse and conversation analysis.

List of phenomenaannotated:

PROSPA focuses on the transcription of F0 variations.

It seems to be a rather 'phonetic' system of notation (only movements and levels are reported, without reference to any specific theoretical model).

Transcriptions consist of:

1) an overall inclination or declination specified over the domain of an intonation unit

2) peaks and troughs internal to the unit

3) a final dynamic tone

Global categories are defined according to rhythmical or pitch contour properties in a cohesive series of accents. Length of a global contour and the direction of pitch or tone level are indicated as follows:

( )

extent of a sequence of cohesive accents

F

globally falling intonation

R

globally rising intonation

H

level intonation on high tone level

M

level intonation on middle tone level

L

level intonation on low tone level

H/F

falling intonation on a globally high tone level

sequence of weakly accented or unaccented syllables

Local categories are defined as accent and accent types or "short range pitch movements usually realized on lengthened vowels" [Selting 87]; they include:

+

upward pitch movement

-

downward pitch movement

=

level pitch accent

Since accents can be realized together with pitch changes, the following symbols are introduced:

?+

upward local pitch jump co-occurring with an upward accent

Ø+

downward local pitch jump co-occurring with an upward accent"

The intonation after the last accent of a global unit - or 'tails' - is noted after the parentheses in the following manner:

`

falling tails

/

rising tails

-

level tails

/`

combinations of tails (rising-falling here)"

Examples:

Information not available.

Markup language:

Symbols are inserted in the phonetic transcription.

Annotation tools:

Information not available.