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MATE Deliverable D1.1

Supported Coding Schemes

 

SAMPROSA

SAMPROSA SAM Prosodic Alphabet has been initially proposed by [Gibbon 90], incorporating results from discussions within the SAM Prosody Working Group.

The relevant information can be found at URL :

http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/sampa/samprosa.htm

Coding Book:

It is documented in [Wells et al. 92]

Applications:

Information not available.

Evaluation:

Information not available.

Purpose and underlying approach:

[Llisterri 96a]:

"The system is intended both for prosodic transcription for linguistic purposes, and for prosodic labelling in speech technology and experimental phonetic research. The system allows the transcription of global, local, terminal and nuclear tones, length, stress, pauses and prosodic boundaries."

It is designed for multi-tier transcription, where independent parallel symbolic representations can be made using different segmental or prosodic criteria , related via association with phonetic segments or with temporal alignment with the signal (synchronization).

List of phenomena annotated:

Prosodic boundaries:
 

$

Syllable boundary

#

Word boundary

|

Tone group boundary (non-directional)

[

Tone group boundary (left)

]

Tone group boundary (right)

Prosodic phenomena:

1) Stress

"

Primary stress

%

Secondary stress

 2) Intonation

Intonation contours are assumed to be made of a series of local, global, terminal and nuclear tones.

Local tone symbols:

 

H

High pitch

L

Low pitch

T

Top pitch (extreme H)

B

Bottom pitch (extreme L)

M

Mid pitch

+

Higher pitch

++

Much higher pitch

+-

Peak (upward-downward)

-

Lower pitch

--

Much lower pitch

-+

Trough (downward-upward)

= or > or S

Level or same tone

^

Upstep

^^

Wide upstep

!

Downstep

!!

Wide downstep

Global tone symbols:

Global tones are transcribed using symbols extracted from Local and Nuclear tone repertoire.

Terminal tone symbols:

As Global tones, terminal tones are transcribed using symbols extracted from Local and Nuclear tone repertoire.

Nuclear tone symbols:

-

Level tone (before tone group boundary)

' or / or R

Rising tone

` or \ or F

Falling tone

`' (etc.)

Fall-rise

'` (etc.)

Rise-fall

Phonetic cues of prosody:

Length

:

Segment length mark

Pause

...

Silence

Examples:

Information not available.

Markup language:

Symbolic labels, organized in separate parallel tiers related via synchronization with the signal (or, alternatively, via phonological rules for association with segments).

Annotation tools:

Information not available.