La velocidad de elocución


La velocidad de elocución


La velocidad de elocución

“Velocidad de elocución: Número de elementos fónicos (sonidos y pausas) que se pronuncian en una unidad de tiempo determinada” (p. 548).

Gil, J. (2007). Fonética para profesores de español: de la teoría a la práctica. Madrid: Arco/Libros.

Tempo, tempo elocutivo, caudal, speech rate, débit.

La velocidad de elocución se expresa como el número de segmentos, sílabas o palabras producidas por unidad de tiempo (segundos o minutos).

La velocidad de elocución puede ser variable en un mismo locutor, ya que depende, entre otros factores, de la relevancia informativa de los elementos que configuran el discurso.

La velocidad de elocución también puede reflejar estados emotivos del hablante.

Es habitual realizar una distinción entre velocidad de habla y velocidad de articulación:

“In order to establish norms for speaking rate, one might conclude as a somewhat arbitrary rule of thumb that a speaking rate of more than 240 words per minute would count paralinguistically as a notably fast speaking rate, and fewer than 160 as a notably slow rate” (p. 542).

Laver, J. (1994). Principles of phonetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
“most authors addressing the medium of radio recommend a speech rate of between 160 and 180 wpm. According to Hills (1987), the most recommended pace is 160 wpm; McLeish (2005 [1978]: 71) sets the rate at between 160 and 180 wpm; Utterback (2000: 141) determines that a rate of between 145 and 180 wpm is best: ‘Normally we read out loud at between 145 to 180 wpm. The most comfortable speed would be around 150 to 175 wpm.’ Boyd (2003) establishes the rate at between 140 and 220 wpm, although he considers 180 wpm to be the most natural and pleasing rate.
the work of Tauroza and Allison (1990) who analyzed the delivery rate of news items on BBC Radio and recorded a speed of between 150 and 170 wpm, moderately fast between 170 and 190 wpm, moderately slow between 130 and 150 wpm, faster than normal in 190 wpm, and on the contrary slower than normal in 130 wpm. These figures, in turn, reinforce the findings of Pimsleur et al. (1977) who recorded a delivery rate of between 160 and 190 wpm for English and French radio news broadcasters, moderately fast between 190 and 220 wpm and moderately slow between 130 and 160 wpm. In Spanish radio news, some research has shown that a high speech rate, of around 200 wpm, is used on all national radio stations (Rodero 2007)” (p. 393).

Rodero, E. (2012). A comparative analysis of speech rate and perception in radio bulletins. Text & Talk, 32(3), 391-411. Consultado en http://prosodia.upf.edu/home/arxiu/publicacions/rodero/rodero_a-comparative-analysis-of-speech-rate-and-perception-in-radio-bulletins.pdf
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La velocidad de elocución


La velocidad de elocución
Joaquim Llisterri, Departament de Filologia Espanyola, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

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